Species boundaries in carp gudgeons (Eleotrididae : Hypseleotris) from the River Murray, South Australia: evidence for multiple species and extensive hybridization

Allozyme analyses of carp gudgeons (Hypseleotris) from five sites in the lower River Murray revealed three distinctive taxa designated HA, HB and HC, diagnosable from one another by fixed differences at 3–5 loci, and three apparent F 1 hybrid forms, HA¥HB, HA¥HX and HB¥HX, where HX denotes a taxon not sampled in its ‘pure’ form. Of all fish sampled, 25% were hybrids, although only one hybrid form was found at any one site, and never in company with both parental taxa. No hybrids involving HC were found, although this was the most common taxon, and no HA¥HB hybrids were present at the one site of demonstrated sympatry between the parental taxa. Morphological analysis and the lack of introgression confirm that HA, HB, and HC are distinct biological species. Partial meristic data suggest that HC corresponds to H. klunzingeri s.l., ‘Midgley’s carp gudgeon’ is a composite of HA, HB and HA¥HB hybrids, and ‘Lake’s carp gudgeon’ may be a composite of HX and one of its hybrids (HB¥HX). We speculate that one or more of the hybrid classes may be ‘unisexual lineages’ (clonally reproducing, usually all-female forms derived from hybridization between congeners).

Author Bertozzi, T., Adams, M. and Walker, K. F.
Year 2000
Secondary title Marine & Freshwater Research
Volume 51
Number 8
Pages 805-815
Region SA
Links https://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/MF00039.htm