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An effective plan starts with identifying:
Defining the problem can be difficult and time consuming however it is essential to know exactly what the plan is seeking to address so that appropriate management can be carried out efficiently and effectively. If the problem is not correctly defined, then all the planning that follows is likely to be distorted or at best, off track.
What is the problem?
A pest management plan should focus on minimising the damage being caused by pest animals, not the number of pests present in the area. The problem needs to be described in terms of the negative impacts that pest animals are having on people, livestock, crops, wildlife, habitat or other assets in a given area, eg lambing rates are down by 40% due to predation by
wild dogs. It is not always easy to determine the level of damage so estimates of pest density might be the only useful guide to the likely level of pest damage.
Who is affected?
Identify and involve all the key stakeholders from the beginning of the planning process. Stakeholders might include:
Involving people in the development of a pest plan ensures that it is relevant and practical, and also helps to give them ownership of the plan and its recommendations. By working together to define the problem, the group will be better prepared to discuss ways they can manage the problem cooperatively.
Where is the problem?
Pest animals typically live and/or move across the landscape where they can access suitable food and habitat. Maps are therefore an essential planning tool for effective pest management. Using a range of local and regional-scale maps with and without tenure, topography and other jurisdictional or social boundaries (eg local government area, bushfire groups), the group should mark out the areas where pest animals are causing damage (eg stock loss, pig rooting sites) and and their likely travel paths or breeding sites. This step can help to determine priority areas for management actions, and aid delegation of who does what and who pays.