DOG006: Baiting of wild dogs with para-aminopropi-ophenone (PAPP)

Wild dogs, which include feral domestic dogs, dingoes and their hybrids, prey on livestock causing significant impact on agricultural production. Methods of control include poisoning with para-aminopropiophenone (commonly known as PAPP) and sodium fluoroacetate (commonly known as 1080) as well as trapping, shooting, exclusion fencing and use of livestock guarding animals.
Lethal baiting is considered to be the most cost-effective control method currently available and is the only practical means for achieving population control in remote and inaccessible areas.
PAPP is a yellow, crystalline compound that is incorporated into commercially prepared meat baits. Commercially manufactured DOGABAIT® baits contain 1000mg of PAPP in a 60g bait which
is sufficient toxin to kill a wild dog. They also contain small yellow/orange marker beads that remain in the gut of poisoned animals, which assists with differentiating death due to PAPP from other causes. In contrast, commercially prepared 1080 baits for wild dogs contain red marker beads.

Baits containing PAPP are applied by hand directly to the ground and must be buried in a shallow hole. They are not approved for aerial application. Wild dogs are amongst the most susceptible species to the effects of PAPP. Good baiting technique helps to minimise the risk to non-target species and maximise the effect on targeted wild dog populations.

Secondary title Standard Operating Procedure
Author Trudy Sharp
Secondary Author Glen Saunders
Year 2016
Pages 6
Notes DOG006
Documents DOG006: Baiting of wild dogs with para-aminopropi-ophenone (PAPP) [440 KB PDF]