RAB002: Ground baiting of rabbits with 1080

Poisoning with 1080 is used to minimise the impact of the introduced European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) on agricultural production and the environment. Other rabbit control methods include poisoning with pindone, warren fumigation, warren and harbour destruction, shooting, trapping, exclusion fencing and biological control with rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and myxomatosis.

Poisoning with sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is one of the most effective methods of quickly reducing rabbit numbers and is usually performed prior to harbour destruction and warren fumigation. 1080 is an odourless, tasteless white powder that has a special dye added for identification of the toxin. It is used for poisoning of rabbits by incorporating it into a suitable bait material. Poison bait is offered either as a concentrated trail or broadcast (scattered) in a swathe on the ground or from the air. Aerial baiting procedures are described in RAB003: Aerial baiting of rabbits with 1080 .

‘Conventional’ poisoning methods use free-feeding with unpoisoned bait on 2 to 3 occasions, usually 3 to 4 days apart, prior to laying poisoned baits. The ‘one-shot’ oats technique requires no pre-baiting.

Rabbits are moderately susceptible to the effects of 1080; however other species, especially some native animals and birds and domestic livestock are also vulnerable to poisoning. Good baiting technique helps to minimise the risk to non-target species and maximise the effect on targeted rabbit populations.

This standard operating procedure (SOP) is a guide only; it does not replace or override the legislation that applies in the relevant State or Territory jurisdiction. The SOP should only be used subject to the applicable legal requirements (including OH&S) operating in the relevant jurisdiction.

Author Sharp, T.
Year 2012
Pages 8
Notes RAB002
Control method 1080 (sodium monofluoroacetate)
Region Australia - national
Documents RAB002: Ground baiting of rabbits with sodium fluoroacetate (1080)    [320 kb PDF]
Secondary title Standard Operating Procedure