FOX007: Baiting of foxes with para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP)

Poisoning with para-aminopropiophenone (commonly known as PAPP) is used to minimise the impacts of the introduced European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) on native fauna and agricultural production. Other fox control methods include poisoning with sodium fluoroacetate (commonly known as 1080), shooting, trapping, den fumigation, den destruction, livestock guarding animals and exclusion fencing. Lethal baiting is considered to be the most cost-effective method currently available.

PAPP is a yellow, crystalline compound that is incorporated into commercially prepared meat baits. Commercially manufactured FOXECUTE® baits contain 400mg of PAPP in a 35g bait which is sufficient toxin to kill a fox. They also contain small yellow/orange marker beads that remain in the gut of poisoned animals which assists with differentiating death due to PAPP from other causes. In contrast, commercially prepared 1080 baits for foxes contain red marker beads.

Baits containing PAPP are applied by hand directly to the ground and must be buried in a shallow hole. They are not approved for aerial application. Foxes are amongst the most sensitive species to the effects of PAPP. Good baiting technique helps to minimise the risk to non-target species and maximise the effect on targeted fox populations.

This standard operating procedure (SOP) is a guide only; it does not replace or override the legislation that applies in the relevant state or territory jurisdiction. The SOP should only be used subject
to the applicable legal requirements (including OH&S) operating in the relevant jurisdiction.

Secondary title Standard Operating Procedure
Author Trudy Sharp
Secondary Author Glen Saunders
Year 2016
Pages 6
Notes FOX007

FOX007: Baiting of foxes with para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) [700 KB PDF]